Water, Wastewater and Environment: Traditions and Culture
IWA Regional symposium on water, wastewater and environment : traditions and culture. Patras, Greece, 22-24 March 2014. E-proceedings, edited by I. K. Kalavrouziotis and A. N. Angelakis. ISBN : 978-960-538-921-5.
URL : http://wwetc2014.env.uwg.gr/wms/images/e-PROCEEDINGS_v1.12.pdf#page=771&zoom=auto,315,602 (Consulté le 29 septembre 2015)
The ancient urban water system construction of China: the lessons we learnt
Zheng, X. Y. The ancient urban water system construction of China: the lessons we learnt. p. 35-45. URL : http://wwetc2014.env.uwg.gr/wms/images/e-PROCEEDINGS_v1.12.pdf
China was an agricultural based country but the documented urban history was dated back to more 4000 years. The early civilizations of China were formed in the middle and lower basin of Yellow River and Yangtze River. Being situated near the rivers, conveniently water supply was the advantage but at the same time they have to face flooding risk from the rivers, accordingly a water system design and construction not just considers water supply but also the drainage has to be considered strongly. Therefore, a urban water cycling system has to be considered to takes the functions of water supply, use, and rainwater, waste water also river flood drainage as well as river transportation in same cities. Consequently, the systematic idea of urban water system design was originated with the early urban development, and formed at the Han dynasty (202 BC~220 A.D.), a paradigm was the capital city Changan, it was the model of the water system formed in this age subsequently influenced ancient Chinese urban construction, most urban water system of ancient cities were followed it to built their city. The systematic urban water system design and construction in ancient cities were mainly incorporated with natural river or aqueduct of water supply, moat of the town, city rivers, ponds, lakes and draining rivers or canal. This paper arms to explore the urban water system construction and its systematic feathers in ancient China, study the wisdom and lessons from the history for the sustainable construction in a process of rapid urbanization.
The water system of Liao, Xixia and Jin dynasties of China
Liao, Xixia and Jin, three Dynasties founded by minority groups in the North of China, lasted fromthe very beginning of 10th century to the early stage of 13thcentury. Being of significant position in Chinese history, those three Dynasties successively confronted with Song Dynasty ruling the South of China. Those three Dynasties were used to be evaluated from the perspective of their destruction on economy while ignoring their contribution to economic development. Based on relevant files, this paper is to illustrate the general outline and achievements of water system construction of those three Dynasties.
Western books on hydraulics in the historic Beitang library of the Jesuits in Beijing, China (1583-1773)
In the course of their missionary work, the Jesuits played an important role in the transmission of Western science and technology to China during the 17th and 18th century. Whilst their contributions to astronomy, calendar-making, mathematics, geography and mechanical knowledge have been extensively investigated, their impact on hydraulics in China has received little attention so far. As a case in point, the historic library of the Jesuits in Beijing possessed an unusually rich collection of Western books on hydraulics, which will be described and discussed. A few illustrative examples of application of Western hydraulic knowledge in China will also be presented.
Zengjiang river regulation: perfect combination of water ecological restoration and humanity history
Zengjiang River originates from Qixing Mount in Xinfeng County, Guangdong Province. The river, 203 kilometers in length, covers a total area of 3160 square kilometers. It runs through the northeastof Guangzhou city, and flows into the East River via Longmen County of Zengcheng City, which isan important tributary of East River and is also an old river of bearing with massive and long-standinghistory. At the beginning of this century, due to the large-scale industrialization, vital pollution has been brought to Zengjiang River. Aquatic ecological environment was getting worse and worse. Cityimprovement was constrained as well. In recent years, after water ecological environment system engineering, Zengcheng city starts to show new signs of developments. This paper discusses how tocombine river ecological restoration with nature and human civilization based on the principles of water control, the main engineering measures, and the engineering efforts. Therefore, it can provideprinciples and experience to modern water regulation.