Le libre accès au Japon
A Japanese IT lawyer introduces the hottest issues in the field of Information and Communication Technology Law in Japan since January 2013. Mainly for people in countries other than Japan. Some of the issues the blog deals with are copyright, SNS, Apps, security, cloud computing, personal information, software development, 1st Amendment, and IT litigation. Japanese language skills not needed to read this blog, but may be useful because most of the sites cited are in Japanese.
Tuesday, April 9, 2013
Open Access in JapanRecently the movement of Open Access is becoming stronger and stronger. What is the situation of Open Access in Japan?
Note that this article discusses the trend or movement toward open access in general. So, the subject of this post is not limited to an « open access journal. »
In Japan, we can see the movement toward Open Access. On March 16, 2009, Japan’s Association of National University Libraries Issued a « Statement Toward Open Access, » which called for everyone involved to cooperate by offering open access to academic papers, which started this trend.
Many universities started repositories of papers of their journals. In Japan, universities issue journals or bulletins (kiyo), in which the papers of professors or some affiliated researchers are published. As they are in control of the universities, it is rather easy to start uploading them onto the Internet for free. Some of the repositories even include their professor’s papers even though they are not published in the universities’ journals. The number of repositories exceeds 200. Here is the link to the list of repositories.
The papers stored in the repositories are searchable and accessible through JAIRO’s website. JAIRO is the abbreviation of Japanese Institutional Repositories Online. JAIRO announced in June 2012 that the number of papers searchable through JAIRO with free access to all contents of the paper was more than a million. This shows the popularity of open access repositories in Japan.