Gender and Self-Employment: Evidence from Rural China
Xiaobing Wang, Linghui Han, Jikun Huang, Linxiu Zhang and Scott Rozelle. Gender and self-employment : evidence from rural China. Rural Education Action Program, Working Paper, 289, March 2016. 36 p. URL : https://reap.fsi.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/289_-_gender_and_self-employment-_evidence_from_rural_china.pdf
The goal of this paper is to examine how has the expansion of the economy after 2000 affected rural off-farm labor market participation. Specifically, we seek to determine whether off-farm labor increased after 2000, what forms of employment are driving trends in off-farm labor, and whethergender differences can be observed in off-farm employment trends. Using a nationally representativedataset that consist of two waves of surveys done in 2000 and 2008 in six provinces, this paper findsthat off-farm labor market participation has continued to rise steadily in the early 2000s. However,there is a clear difference in the trends associated with occupational choice before and after 2000.Additionally, we find that rural off-farm employment trends were different for men and women. Our analysis also shows that the rise of wage-earning employment corresponds with an increasingunskilled wage for both men and women.